1)Super Bottle
这是一个总成,在 Model 3 的 Parts 里面爆炸图如下:
 
 
这是个集成的装置,把冷水机、电动的阀、泵和冷却液罐整合在一起了。
 
SUPERBOTTLE ASY, M3  1097015-00-K
 
SERVICE-KIT PHANTOM, CHILLER
 
SERVICE-KIT , VALVE INTERNALS 
 
SERVICE-KIT, VALVE ACTUATOR 
 
PRESSURE CAP, SUPERBOTTLE 
 
LOOSE FIT ISOLATOR, SUPERBOTTLE 
 
TIGHT FIT ISOLATOR, SUPERBOTTLE 
 
O-ring, 18.72 x 2.6, EPDM
 
SERVICE-KIT, COOLANT PUMP 
 
O-RING, EPDM, 65.22 X 2.96MM
 
O-RING, EPDM, 20.26 X 2.77MM
 
COOLANT, TESLA G-48 GALLON
 
COOLANT, TESLA G-48 DRUM
 
拆解下来的照片如下:
 
 
 
分解概览
 
 
 
水泵
 
 
 
 
 
冷水机
 
 
 
驱动器
 

 

 
2)蒙罗做的冷却系统的框图
这是 Munro 做的系统框图,分为冷却、加热。在这个框图里面包含 Chiller 和 CR 两个部分。这个 Super Bottle 上面的两个泵,一个管电池,一个管电力电子系统。
 
 
1)冷却
 
在冷却模式下,这个 Super Bottle 分成两个回路,分别进行控制。
 
 
2)加热
 
在加热模式下,电池和功率电子的回路串联在一起,并旁路主的散热器,使得热量集聚。当电池需要加热的时候,冷却液被泵送到后方的管理模块,进入驱动单元中的油冷却热交换器以获取热量,通过集成阀从散热器转移并直接通过冷却器来加热电池。特斯拉实际上利用电机堵转产生大量的热量来加热电池,可以省却一个水热加热器。
 
 
备注:中秋节的时候,一位朋友说他是这个发明专利的第一作者
 
 
这是蒙罗关于这个 Super Bottle 的好处描述:
 
Increased modularity & packaging space due to the integration of pumps, actuators, and valves with the housing. (Components generally have space protection requirements, separating them could inflate those requirements depending on layout)
 
Potential for increased serviceability as functional aspects of the cooling system on collocated
 
Potential weight savings associated with portions of those components housing being integrated with Super Bottle. (Separate clamshell housing with standalone/off the self-pumps for a system with comparable functionality and functional requirements)
 
Potential weight savings associated with lack separate pumps mounting brackets.
 
Reduced final assembly costs, as that likely comes in as a complete module.
 
Reduced final assembly time/labor due to component integration & use of quick disconnects is an assembly process enabler.
 
小结:一个车还是很复杂的,在细节上面一点点进步是需要很多工程师的努力的结果,集成化的趋势是体现在很多地方的