自 1857 年法拉第首次观察到纳米金溶胶的尺寸和颜色之间的对应关系以来,纳米技术已经过 160 年的快速发展。与众多领域的交叉融合之后,纳米技术繁衍催生了一大批新兴学科,不断焕发出新的生机和活力。
 
以史为镜,可以知道兴替。溯源,是为了更好的发展。有鉴于此,我们从纳米相关技术的发展长河中,精选了 30 篇开山之作,供大家交流探讨,并欢迎补充。
 
特别声明:由于年代久远,部分事件可能会有争议,欢迎大家留言指正!
 
1. 首次提出单分子薄膜概念
Irving Langmuir. The Constitution and Fundamental Properties of Solids and Liquids: II. Liquids. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 1917, 39, 1848–1906.
 
 
2. 首次提出近场光学显微镜概念
E. H.Synge. A suggsted method for extending the microscopic resolution into the ultramicroscopic region. The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin PhilosophicalMagazine and Journal of Science. 1928, 6, 356–362.
 
 
3. 发明分子束外延技术
J. R. Arthur, J. J. LePore. GaAs, GaPand GaAsxP1−x epitaxial films grown by molecular beamdepositions. J. Vac. Sci. Technol, 1969, 6, 545.
 
 
4. 首次发现表面增强拉曼散射
Martin Fleischmann et al. Raman Spectraof Pyridine Adsorbed at a Silver Electrode. Chemical Physics Letters. 1974, 26,163–166.
 
 
5. 首次提出分子二极管的想法
Aviram, Arieh; Ratner, Mark A.Molecular rectifiers. Chemical Physics Letters. 1974, 29, 277–283.
 

 

6. 首次合成半导体量子点
Rossetti, R., Nakahara, S., Brus, L. E.Quantum size effects in the redox potentials, resonance Raman spectra, andelectronic spectra of CdS crystallites in aqueous solution.  
 
The Journal of Chemical Physics 1983, 79 ,1086–1088.
 
 
7. 发现富勒烯
H. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C.O'Brien, R. F. Curl and R. E. Smalley. C60: Buckminsterfullerene. Nature1985, 318, 162–163.
 
 
8. 发现巨磁电阻
Baibich, M. N.; Broto; Fert; Nguyen VanDau; Petroff; Etienne; Creuzet; Friederich; Chazelas. Giant Magnetoresistanceof (001)Fe/(001)Cr Magnetic Superlattices. Physical Review Letters 1988, 61, 2472–2475.
 
 
9. 发明染料敏化太阳能电池
Brian O'Regan and Michael Grätzel. Alow-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2films. Nature 1991, 353, 737–740.
 
 
10. 发现碳纳米管(的重要性)
Sumio Iijima. Helical microtubules ofgraphitic carbon. Nature 1991, 354, 56–58.
 

 

11. 发明分子梭
Peter R. Ashton, J. Fraser Stoddar etal. The self-assembly of a highly ordered [2]catenane. J. Chem. Soc., Chem.Commun., 1991,0, 634-639.
 
 
12. 发明介孔分子筛
C. T. Kresge, M. E. Leonowicz, W. J.Roth, J. C. Vartuli and J. S. Beck. Ordered mesoporous molecular sievessynthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism. Nature 1992, 359, 710–712.
 
 
13. 发现量子围栏
Michael F. Crommie, Christopher P.Lutz, Don M. Eigler. Confinement of Electrons to Quantum Corrals on a MetalSurface. Science  1993, 262,  218-220.
 
 
14. 发明微接触印刷术
James L. Wilbur, Amit Kumar, Enoch Kim,George M. Whitesides. Microfabrication by microcontact printing ofself-assembled monolayers. Adv. Mater. 1994, 6, 600-604.
 
 
15. 首次合成模板纳米线
Dmitri Routkevitch, Martin Moskovits etal. Electrochemical Fabrication of CdS Nanowire Arrays in Porous AnodicAluminum Oxide Templates. J. Phys. Chem. 1996, 100, 14037-14047.
 

 

16. 首次提出 MOF 概念
O. M. Yaghi et al. HydrothermalSynthesis of a Metal-Organic Framework Containing Large Rectangular Channels. J.Am. Chem. Soc. 1995, 117, 10401-10402.
 
 
17. 发明纳米孔基因测序
John J.Kasianowicz, Daniel Branton et al. Characterization of individualpolynucleotide molecules using a membranechannel.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 1996, 93, 13770–13773.
 
 
18. 发现光异常透射
T. W. Ebbesen et al. Extraordinaryoptical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays. Nature 1998, 391,667–669.
 
 
19. 发明电子墨水
Barrett Comiskey, Joseph Jacobson etal. An electrophoretic ink for all-printed reflective electronic displays.Nature 1998, 394, 253–255.
 
 
20. 首次合成晶态纳米线
Alfredo M. Morales, Charles M. Lieber. Alaser ablation method for the synthesis of crystalline semiconductor nanowires.Science 1998, 279, 208–211.
 

 

21. 发明分子马达
Nagatoshi Koumura, Ben L. Feringa etal. Light-driven monodirectional molecular rotor. Nature 1999, 401, 152–155.
 
 
22. 发明浸笔微刻技术
Richard D. Piner, Chad A. Mirkin et al."Dip-Pen" Nanolithography. Science, 1999, 283, 661-663.
 
 
23. 发明纳米线激光器
M. Huang, P. Yang et al.Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers. Science 2001, 292, 1897-1899.
 
 
24. 首次提出聚集诱导发光概念
JingdongLuo, Zhiliang Xie, Daoben Zhu, Ben Zhong Tang et al. Aggregation-inducedemission of 1-methyl-1,2,3,4,5-pentaphenylsilole. Chem. Commun., 2001, 18, 1740-1741.
 
 
25. 发现荷叶效应的本质
L. Feng, L. Jiang et al. Super‐Hydrophobic Surfaces: From Natural to Artificial. Adv. Mater. 2002,14, 1857-1860.
 

 

26. 首次实现金属表面纳米化
W. P. Tong, K. Lu et al. Nitriding Iron at Lower Temperatures. Science 2003, 299, 686-688.
 
 
27. 发现石墨烯
Novoselov, K. S.; Geim, A. K. et al. Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films. Science 2004, 306, 666–669.
 
 
28 发明纳米发电机
ZhongLin Wang et al. Piezoelectric Nanogenerators Based on Zinc Oxide NanowireArrays. Science 2006, 312, 242-246.
 
 
29. 发明 DNA 折纸术
PaulW. K. Rothemund. Folding DNA to create nanoscale shapes and patterns. Nature 2006,440, 297–302.
 
 
30. 首次将钙钛矿纳米晶引入太阳能电池
Akihiro Kojima, Tsutomu Miyasaka et al.Organometal Halide Perovskites as Visible-Light Sensitizers for PhotovoltaicCells. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2009, 131, 6050–6051.